Rabindranath Tagore Biography: Early Life, Education, Literary Works, Achievements and More

Rabindranath Tagore Jayanti 2023: The birthday celebration of Rabindranath Tagore is celebrated on 7 May according to the Gregorian calendar but according to the Bengali calendar he was born on the 25th day of the Boishakha month. So, in West Bengal, his birthday is celebrated on 9 May this year according to the Bengali calendar. Learn all about Tagore’s early life, family, education, career and more in the article below.

The birthday celebration of Rabindranath Tagore is also known as Pochishe Boishakh. He was born into a wealthy Brahmin family in Kolkata (Calcutta) and was the youngest in the family.

Born: May 7, 1861 Place of Birth: Calcutta, British India Surname: Bhanu Singha Thakur (Bhonita) Father: Debendranath Tagore Mother: Sarada Devi Wife: Mrinalini Devi Children: Renuka Tagore, Shamindranath Tagore, Meera Tagore, Rathindranath Tagore and Madhuriata Tagore Died: 7 August 1941 Place of Death: Calcutta, British India. Occupation: writer, composer, playwright, essayist, painter. Languages: Bengali, English. Awards: Nobel Prize for Literature (1913)

Let us tell you that Rabindranath Tagore is a multi-talented personality with a thirst to learn new things. His contributions to literature, music and some of his works are unforgettable. People not only in West Bengal but all over India remember him and his contributions on his birthday. Back in 1913, he received the most prestigious Nobel Prize for his great contribution to Indian literature. Did you know he is the first Asian to receive this award? We cannot forget that he is the one who composed the national anthem of India.

Rabindranath Tagore: Early Life and Childhood

He was born on May 7, 1861 into the family of Debendranath Tagore and Sarada Devi at Jorasanko Villa, the hometown of the Tagore family in Kolkata (Calcutta). He is the youngest among his siblings. He lost his mother at a very young age, his father was a tourist so he was raised mostly by servants and housekeepers. He was part of the Bengal Renaissance at a very young age and his family was also actively involved in it. At the age of eight he began to write poetry, and at the age of sixteen he also began to compose works of art and began to publish his poems under the pseudonym Bhansimha. In 1877 he wrote a short story ‘Bhikharini’ and in 1882 he wrote a collection of poems ‘Sandhya Sangit’.

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He was influenced by Kalidasa classical poetry and began to write his own classical poems. His sister, Swarnakumari, is a famous writer. In 1873, he toured with his father for several months and gathered knowledge on a number of subjects. He studied Sikhism while in Amritsar and wrote about six poems and many articles about the religion.

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Rabindranath Tagore: Education

His traditional education began in Brighton, East Sussex, England, at a public school. In 1878, he went to England to become a lawyer to fulfill his father’s wish. He was not very interested in school and later joined University College London to study law, but dropped out and taught himself various works of Shakespeare. He also learned the essence of English, Irish and Scottish literature and music; he returned to India and married Mrinalini Devi.

Rabindranath Tagore: Established Shantiniketan

Source: www.thebetterindia.comHis father bought a large plot of land for meditation and named it Shantiniketan. Debendranath Tagore founded an ‘Ashram’ in 1863. In 1901, Rabindranath Tagore founded an open-air school. It is a prayer room with marble floors and is called ‘Mandir’. It is also known as ‘Patha Bhavana’ and starts with just five students. Classes here are held under a canopy of trees and follow the traditional teaching method of Guru-Shishya. This teaching trend has revived the ancient teaching method that has proved to be good compared to the modernized method. Unfortunately, his wife and two children died, leaving him alone. He was very upset at that time. Meanwhile, his works began to develop and become more popular among Bengali as well as foreign readers. In 1913, he was recognized and received the prestigious Nobel Prize in Literature, and became the first Asian to win the Nobel Prize. Now Shantiniketan is a famous university town in West Bengal.

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Let us tell you that Rabindranath Tagore envisioned a center of learning that brings together the best of East and West. He founded Visva Bharati University in West Bengal. It consists of two campuses, one in Shantiniketan and the other in Sriniketan. Sriniketan focuses on agriculture, adult education, villages, handicrafts.

Rabindranath Tagore: Literary Works

yapajog: Published in 1929, his novel is a fascinating look at marital rape.

People: Published in 1901. This novel is about relationships and love, reciprocated and unrequited.

Ghare Baire: Published in 1916. It is the story of a married woman incarcerated in her family trying to find her own identity.

Mountain: Set in the 1880s, it is an expansive, comprehensive, and extremely relevant novel that addresses a number of themes such as religion, gender, feminism, as well as tradition versus modernity.

Chokher Bali: In 1903, a novel covers different aspects of a relationship.

His short story is Bhikarini, Kabuliwala, Kshudita Pashan, Atottju, Haimanti and Musalmanir Golpo et cetera.

They are songs Balaka, Purobi, Sonar Tori and Gitanjali.

Undoubtedly, he changed the dimensions of Bengali literature as seen earlier. Many countries even erected their own statues in honor of the legendary writer. About five museums are dedicated to Tagore, three of which are located in India and the other two in Bangladesh.

He spent the last years of his life in excruciating pain, even going into a coma in 1937. After excruciating pain, he died on August 7, 1941 at Jorasanko castle where he grew up.

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Source: tiengtrunghaato.edu.vn

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