List of South American countries: Interesting facts, population, area

South America is a continent located in the Western Hemisphere. It is the fourth largest continent in the world, after Asia, Africa and North America. It has a population of more than 439 million people and an area of ​​more than 17.8 million square kilometers. The total geographical area of ​​South America is 17.84 million square kilometers, which is about 3.5% of the Earth’s surface. Two high latitudes pass through South America – the equator and the Tropic of Cancer. The country with the largest area in South America is Brazil, followed by Argentina.

South America is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the north and east, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. The Isthmus of Panama connects the continents of North America and South America, and separates the Pacific and Atlantic oceans.

In this article, we have shared a list of South American countries along with the top 10 South American countries (in terms of population and area).

List of South American countries

There are 12 countries in South America. The largest country in terms of both area and population is Brazil. In terms of population, Colombia is the second most populous South American country. We have shared an alphabetical list of South American countries below:

Here is a list of South American countries:

first

Argentina

2

Bolivia

3

Brazil

4

chile

5

Colombia

6

Ecuador

7

Guyana

8

Paraguay

9

Peru

ten

Suriname

11

Uruguay

twelfth

Venezuela

List of North American countries: Sights, population, area

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The 10 largest South American countries by population

Here are the 10 largest South American countries by population, with an estimated population in 2023 (data from UNFPA).

The 10 largest South American countries by population

South American countries

Population

Brazil

216.4 million won

Colombia

52.1 million won

Argentina

45.8 million won

Peru

34.4 million won

Venezuela

28.8 million won

chile

19.6 million won

Ecuador

18.2 million won

Bolivia

12.4 million won

Paraguay

6.9 million won

Uruguay

3.4 million won

Top 10 South American countries in terms of area

Below is a list of the 10 largest countries in South America in terms of area, with their land area in square kilometers (km2).

Top 10 South American countries in terms of area

South American countries

Area covered with blankets

Brazil

8 515 770 km²

Argentina

2 780 400 km²

Peru

1 285 216 km²

Colombia

1 138 910 km²

Bolivia

1 098 581 km²

Venezuela

912,050 km²

chile

756 102 km²

Paraguay

406 752 km²

Ecuador

283 561 km²

Guyana

214,969 km²

List of countries in Europe: Sights, population, area

Interesting GK facts about South America

South America is home to diverse cultures, languages, and landscapes. Some of the most popular attractions in South America include the Amazon Rainforest, the Andes Mountains, and Machu Picchu.

Some of the most interesting facts about North America include:

  • The Amazon rainforest is the largest rainforest in the world. It covers more than 2 million square miles and is home to more than 10% of the world’s known species.
  • The Andes is the longest mountain range in the world outside of Asia. They stretch for more than 4,300 miles along the west coast of South America.
  • Machu Picchu is an ancient Inca city located in the Andes mountains. It was built in the 15th century and was abandoned shortly after the Spanish conquest of Peru.
  • The tallest capital in the world is La Paz, Bolivia. It is located at an elevation of more than 13,000 feet.
  • The world’s largest waterfall system is the Iguazu Falls. They are located on the border between Brazil and Argentina.
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Source: tiengtrunghaato.edu.vn

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