Canada Day 2023: Learn the history behind Canada’s independence

Canada Day is a national holiday in Canada that celebrates the founding of the Union of Canada. It is celebrated on July 1 every year and marks the day when, in 1867, the three British colonies united to form the Dominion of Canada.

The idea of ​​a united Canada had existed for many years, but it was not until the mid-19th century that the political will to implement it emerged.

The colonies, that of Nova Scotia, Upper Canada (now Ontario) and Lower Canada (now Quebec), faced a number of challenges, including economic instability, political instability, and the threat from American expansionism.

They believe that by uniting, they will be stronger and better able to respond to these challenges.

The Canadian Museum of History states: “By this act, passed by the British Parliament, Canada is established as a new, self-governing union within the country, comprising the provinces of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario and Quebec, on 1 July 1867.

“The British North America Act (now the Constitution Act) established a new federation that divided the responsibilities and powers of each level of government and the rights of the inhabitants,” it added.

Canada Day is a day for Canadians. After all, our country wouldn’t be what it is today without the people who built it – or the people who continue to build it every day. To everyone I saw at events today in Ottawa and to everyone around the country: Happy Canada Day!

– Justin Trudeau (@JustinTrudeau)
July 1, 2022

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What is the history of Canada Day?

Canada Day is Canada’s national day. It is celebrated on July 1 of each year to commemorate the founding of the Confederation of Canada, which took place on July 1, 1867.

On that day, the British North America Act of 1867 (now the Constitution Act of 1867) was passed, uniting three separate colonies – Upper Canada (now Ontario), Lower Canada (now Quebec) and Nova Scotia into a single dominion. in the British Empire called Canada.

The first Canada Day celebrations were held in 1868. Those were relatively modest events, with parades, speeches, and fireworks. Over the years, however, Canada Day celebrations have become more elaborate, with major festivals and events being held across the country.

Here is a Canada Day creation according to the Canadian government website:

    • “1. July 1867: The British North America Act (now known as the Constitution Act of 1867) created Canada.
  • June 20, 1868: Governor-General Lord Monck signed a proclamation demanding that all subjects of Queen Victoria across Canada observe July 1.
  • 1879: Federal law declared July 1 as a statutory holiday as “Confederate Commemoration Day”, later named “Dominion Day”.
  • October 27, 1982: July 1, “Dominion Day” officially becomes Canada Day.”

How is Canada Day celebrated?

The Canadian government website mentions a number of must-see events including fireworks, daytime ceremonies, and evening performances.

Plus, here are some of the more popular ways to celebrate Canada Day:

Parades: There are parades in many towns and cities across Canada. These parades often feature floats, orchestras, and other performers.

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Fireworks: Fireworks are a popular way to celebrate Canada Day. These exhibitions are usually held in larger cities and towns.

Barbecue: Canadians love to grill meat on Canada Day. Many people will spend the day grilling food with friends and family.

Music and Dance: There are concerts and other musical performances held across Canada on Canada Day. These events often feature Canadian musicians and dancers.

Festivals: There are many festivals held in many cities and towns across Canada on Canada Day. These festivals usually include food, drink, and entertainment.

Community Events: Many communities host special events on Canada Day. These events may include community picnics, sporting events or other activities.

Finally, Canada Day is a time to celebrate Canada’s history and culture. It is the day when we come together as a nation and reflect on the progress that has been made. It is also the day that we look to the future and many possibilities ahead.

Canada’s history is long and complicated. Such is the history of First Nations peoples, European settlers and immigrants from all over the world. It is a history of conflict and cooperation, growth and change.

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